Costa Rica Information

General information

Information Geography: Rugged highlands are found throughout most of the country, they range from approximately 1,000 to 2,000 meters (3,000 to 6,000 feet above sea level). The Cordillera de Guanacaste, Cordillera Central, and Cordillera de Talamanca are the principal mountain ranges extending the length of the country. There are several active volcanoes (Volcán Arenal, Volcán Irazú, Volcán Rincón de la Vieja and Volcán Turrialba) and the country´s highest mountain (Cerro Chirripó) which reaches a height of 3,819 m/12,530 ft. The country has a relatively long coastline in both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, as well as a number of rivers and streams that attract expert kayakers and rafters.

Climate: Costa Rica´s year round climate is pleasant with naturally occurring breezes cooling down most of the coastal areas. Temperatures in the highlands and the mountains are warm by day and brisk at night giving an “eternal spring” feeling. The average annual temperatures range from 31.7°C (89°F) on the coast to 16.7°C (62°F) inland. The rainy, or green, season lasts from May to December with noticeably drier days during the rest of the year.

Government: Costa Rican system of government is very similar to that of the United States of America. There are three branches of government: Executive, which consists of the president, two vice presidents and cabinet; the Legislative Assembly, with 57 individually elected deputies; and, the Judicial Branch, which consists of civil, criminal, appellate and constitutional courts. The President and members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for four-year terms and the president can´t run for reelection.

Incumbent President is Carlos Alvarado Quesada

Communication: Costa Rica has one of the most advanced telecommunications systems in Latin America, with telephones and fax machines all over the country, and an increasing number of businesses online. To call or fax Costa Rica, dial the country code 506 before the number. There is also reliable mail service, and an ample selection of courier services in San José. Most large hotels in the San José area have cable television, with US and European stations. Newspapers and magazines from North America and several European nations are sold in many shops and hotels in and around the capital.

Transportation: It´s easy to get around Costa Rica, and if you stick with public transport, traveling within the country can be quite inexpensive. There is bus service to just about every town and city, and buses that serve main tourist destinations are of high quality. Taxis are also plentiful and inexpensive, and in San José they are required to use meters for most trips. The standard charge for a taxi ride between the international airport and downtown San José is $10 US. The quickest way to get around is to fly, and several domestic airlines offer daily flights to most of the popular tourist destinations. There are also plenty of car rental agencies, most of which rent four-wheel-drive vehicles.

Population: Ticos, as Costa Ricans are commonly known, are a fairly mixed bunch. Though the majority of the country´s 3.3 million inhabitants are the descendants of Spanish immigrants, many families originated from other parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and, of course, Central America.

You may be surprised by the number of fair-skinned people you´ll see in the country, especially in the Central Valley. In the lowlands, more people are mestizo -that is mixture of European and Indigenous blood- whereas the majority along the Caribbean coast are of African lineage, and much of the Talamanca Mountain Range is inhabited by full-blooded Indians of various tribes.


Many vacationers coming to Costa Rica realize the potential for making investments, whether active or inactive. For instance, many people planning on retiring may not want to do so full time, but mix business with pleasure. For them, a beach house and hotel business for sale would not only be a great place to live, but would keep them active in retirement and be a great investment, all at the same time. Local bank and private real estate financing is available in Costa Rica, if that is necessary.  Costa Rica offers good internet service, which lends itself to internet businesses, like web site optimization, for instance, , a business run by an American living in Costa Rica.


Tourism is one of the major industries in the country, and recently has become more upscale, even for those that come here to experience the natural and ecological wonders of Costa Rica. For instance, first class, luxurious vacation rentals on the beach are available for the discriminating nature traveler.

Weddings and Honeymoons

Another aspect of tourism in Costa Rica is getting married in this tropical wonderland!  Being close to the United States, it is easy to plan a wedding, and the bride and groom and all the guests can fly down here, not only to enjoy the wedding, but traveling afterwards.  And, of course for the newlyweds, an incredible honeymoon!  But, first the ceremony must go off impeccably.  Recommended wedding planner Randy Gritz, with over 20 years of experience, will make sure that happens!

Medical and Dental Tourism

Costa Rica has a thriving medical tourism business and at the core of expanding it is a local company – Medical Tourism Marketing at  This forward looking company handles the complete marketing through printed sources as well as the internet for local dentists, like,  a complete guide to dentists in Costa Rica at  Visitors coming to Costa Rica often vacation here to find equal treatment in dental clinics here but at prices far lower than in the US or Canada.  Many dental services can be completed in one or several days, but other dental treatments may require return visits which can raise the cost of dentistry compared to the US.  Colina Dental Clinic is aware of this and can help you plan your visit so as to maximize the savings benefits.

 Law Firms – Attorney Services

It can be daunting to find not only a good and honest attorney in Costa Rica, but also one that speaks English.  Attorneys in Costa Rica often can perform many different functions, such as being a Notary, which not only allows them to authenticate documents, but perform agreements between two people in a transaction. Some attorneys also work on a contingency basis and many have different specialties, as in the US.  For more information on lawyers that would fulfill these requirements, see Axioma Law Firm.

Other Dental / Medical Services

Costa Rica has one of the best medical tourism practices in the world, whereby patients can be treated here at half the cost of the United States, and with that saving, have an ecological vacation as a tourist!  Competent doctors and dentists, most of whom train abroad, speak English and will provide the same level of professionalism that you would expect in the US.  Using the most modern techniques in cosmetic dentistry, computer guided implants and  dental crowns, many treatments can be completed in one day.

Some treatments that can be performed here in Costa Rica are not legal in the US. For instance, the use of HGH, Human Growth Hormone, is not permitted in the US for anti-aging purposes, but only for dwarfism and certain degenerative diseases, even though medical evidence shows that it is effective for helping to maintain a healthy body.

Go to for a list of doctors and their specialties in Costa Rica.

Vacation Rentals

Costa Rica has a wide variety of vacation rentals, but the most popular rental villas and houses are on or near the beach. One very popular area is Manuel Antonio, which has the most popular National Park – The Manuel Antonio Park. For vacation rentals in Manuel Antonio and all over Costa Rica – would be a trusted source. There are very few rentals on the beach at Manuel Antonio, most villas are up on the hills.

Costa Rica Travel Agencies, Hotels

As with traveling to any country, you want to be assured that the travel agency you are dealing with is approved by the government or reputable organizations. You want your vacation to go perfectly, and in Costa Rica, travel agencies approved by the ICT would be your most secure option. Costa Rican Trails Travel Agency, specializing in custom itinerary vacations would be a good choice as they are not only members of the ICT, but have the highest rating for sustainable tourism granted by that agency.

Neighbors to the North and South – Panama & Nicaragua

Many tourists visiting Costa Rica, especially those that come from a long distance like the Europeans, like to explore our neighbors to the north and south. In the case of Panama, Panama Trails offers vacation packages at the best hotels You will be sure to want to tour the Panama Canal, currently being enlarged.

In Nicaragua, Nicaraguan Trails offers the best of the new luxury hotels in Nicaragua, which is no longer just a cheaper version of Costa Rica, but in its own rite becoming a upscale vacation location, especially with boutique hotel accommodations located within Lake Nicaragua.

Mexico, Caribbean, Central & South America Travel & Medical Tourism

Vallarta Vacation Rentals – Beachfront & View Homes – Wedding Locations By far, one of the most romantic places in Mexico is Puerto Vallarta, and has the best luxury selection of beach and view rentals.

Mexico, Central America & South America Travel For further down in the hemisphere, across the equator and into the southern hemisphere, for travel arrangements, is a travel agency of long standing. Select from their pre-arranged vacation packages, or have them create a custom itinerary for just you.